This is a small predatory animal from the weasel family. There are two types of ferrets: dark forest and light steppe. The dark ferret was bred and domesticated 2000 years ago in southern Europe. He served as a cat for a long time. It was also used for hunting rabbits. Currently, the black ferret is widespread and lives in England, Russia, Karelia, Finland and the northern forests of Africa.
The color of the dark ferret is black-brown. The head has a pattern in the form of a mask.
The forest or dark ferret has anal glands that emit a specific unpleasant odor.
This small predatory animal living in natural conditions is capable of making various sounds reflecting its condition. These can be screams, squeaks, angry growls, barking, and contented clucking. Domesticated ferrets lose this ability.
In the wild, ferrets usually live on the edges of forests. This allows them to easily get their own food. They love natural reservoirs, they know how to swim, although they spend a little time in the water.
These predators are attached to their habitat and never change it. They are sedentary and have their own houses. As a rule, ferrets do not dig burrows for housing. They look for someone's ready-made burrows or settle in haystacks, in rotten stumps, and if human houses are nearby, then in sheds with domestic animals.
The main food for the ferret is mice and voles. But he gladly eats toads, snakes, birds, large insects and water rats. If it lives near a person, it attacks poultry and rabbitries.
Thanks to the very long and sharp claws, it is not difficult for the ferret to engage in a fight with an enemy or victim, which often turns out to be larger than the attacker himself.
These are nocturnal animals. During the day they sleep in their shelters, and at night they go hunting.
The domesticated ferret is called "furo", which is Latin for "sly". This is because ferrets are very smart and cunning. If you characterize their behavior, then you can be accused of kleptomania. Everything that the ferret likes, he drags into his house.
A home-kept ferret gets along well with all family members in the house. He is able to maintain good relationships with other pets living next to him, but only as a leader.